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Saurornithoides mongoliensisFossil, Theropod Dinosaur
Dr. Mark Norell - American Museum of Natural History
P.J. Makovicky, G.S. Bever, A.M. Balanoff, J.M. Clark, R. Barsbold and T. Rowe
Saurornithoides mongoliensis
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skull
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American Museum of Natural History (AMNH FR 6516), holotype

Image processing: Dr. Amy Balanoff
Publication Date: 08 Sep 2009

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The imagery on this page is supporting material for a paper entitled A review of the Mongolian Cretaceous dinosaur Saurornithoides (Troodontidae: Theropoda), by M.A. Norell, P.J. Makovicky, G.S. Bever, A.M. Balanoff, J.M. Clark, R. Barsbold, and T. Rowe, 2009 (American Museum Novitates 3654:1-63). The abstract is as follows:

       We review the morphology, taxonomy, and phylogenetic relationships of the upper Cretaceous        Mongolian troodontid Saurornithoides. Saurornithoides mongoliensis is known only by the holotype        from Bayan Zag, Djadokhta Formation. This specimen includes a nearly complete, but weathered, skull        and mandibles, a series of dorsal, sacral, and caudal vertebrae, and a partial pelvic girdle and hind        limb. Saurornithoides junior, here referred to Zanabazar, also is known only by the holotype from        Bugiin Tsav, Nemegt Formation. This specimen consists of a skull and partial mandible, a series of        sacral and caudal vertebrae, a partial pelvic girdle, and the distal part of the right hind limb.        Saurornithoides + Zanabazar is one of the few Mongolian taxa known from both the Djadokhta and        Nemegt formations. The monophyly of Saurornithoides + Zanabazar has not been seriously questioned        historically, yet empirical support for this clade is currently tenuous. A privileged phylogenetic        relationship between Saurornithoides, Zanabazar, and the North American troodontid Troodon        formosus is supported by numerous characters including the presence of a subotic recess,        lateroventrally projecting and hollow basipterygoid processes, a lacrimal whose anterior process is        significantly longer than its posterior process, a highly pneumatized parasphenoid rostrum, a        constricted neck of the occipital condyle, a symphyseal region of the dentary that is slightly        recurved medially, and an obturator process located near the middle of the ischiadic shaft. CT data        for the skulls of both species facilitated a description of the endocranial anatomy of Saurornithoides        mongoliensis and Zanabazar junior, including a reconstruction of the endocranial space of Zanabazar        junior (see Additional Imagery). Despite being the largest of the known troodontid species, the        endocranial volume of Zanabazar junior is considerably smaller than that estimated for Troodon        formosus, suggesting that the extremely high encephalization quotient of Troodon formosus may be        autapomorphic among troodontids.

About the Species

This specimen, the holotype, was collected from the Upper Cretaceous locality of Bayan Zag by Henry Fairfield Osborn. It was made available to the University of Texas High-Resolution X-ray CT Facility for scanning by Dr. Mark Norell of the American Museum of Natural History.

About this Specimen

This specimen was scanned by Richard Ketcham on 2 May 1998 along the coronal axis for a total of 482 slices. Each 512 x 512 pixel slice is 0.5 mm thick, with an interslice spacing of 0.4 mm (for a slice overlap of 0.1 mm) and a field of reconstruction of 73 mm.

About the
Scan
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Literature
& Links

None available.

Additional
Imagery

To cite this page: Dr. Mark Norell, P.J. Makovicky, G.S. Bever, A.M. Balanoff, J.M. Clark, R. Barsbold and T. Rowe, 2009, "Saurornithoides mongoliensis" (On-line), Digital Morphology. Accessed October 25, 2014 at http://digimorph.org/specimens/Saurornithoides_mongoliensis/.

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