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Halichoeres burekae, Mardi Gras Wrasse
Mr. Douglas Weaver - Flower Garden Banks National Marine Sanctuary
Dr. Luiz Rocha, Hawaii Institute of Marine Biology
Halichoeres burekae
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University of Florida (UF 121176) - holotype

Image processing: Dr. Jessie Maisano
Publication Date: 21 Dec 2007

holotype: whole specimen | head only
paratype: whole specimen

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The imagery on this page is supporting material for a paper entitled A New Species of Halichoeres (Teleostei: Labridae) from the Western Gulf of Mexico, by D.C. Weaver and L.A. Rocha (2007, Copeia 2007:798-807). The abstract is as follows:

       A new labrid fish, Halichoeres burekae, is described from specimens collected at Stetson Bank, Flower        Garden Halichoeres burekaeBanks National Marine Sanctuary (FGBNMS), in the northwestern Gulf of Mexico over        claystone, sponge, and coral substrata. The bright purple, blue-green, and yellow        body coloration, and anterior black pigmentation of the dorsal fin in the terminal        male, large black irregular spot at the base of the caudal peduncle, salmon body        coloration, yellow snout in the initial stage/female, and diagnostic differences in        the mitochondrial DNA cytochrome b gene separate this species from all other        western Atlantic labrids. Adult H. burekae were observed in small schools along the        reef crest mixed with Thalassoma bifasciatum and Chromis multilineata, and small        juveniles were observed in mixed schools with juvenile Clepticus parrae. It feeds        primarily on calanoid copepods and other plankton and is a close relative of H. socialis from Belize.        This species is currently known from the FGBNMS and reefs off Veracruz, Mexico, in the western Gulf        of Mexico.

About the Species

This male specimen, the holotype, was collected at Stetson Bank, Flower Gardens Bank National Marine Sanctuary, Gulf of Mexico at a depth of 80 feet by D. C. Weaver on 19 April 2002. It was made available to The University of Texas High-Resolution X-ray CT Facility for scanning by Mr. Doug Weaver of the Flower Gardens Bank National Marine Sanctuary. Funding for scanning was provided by Mr. Weaver. Funding for image processing was provided by an NSF Digital Libraries Initiative grant to Dr. Timothy Rowe of The University of Texas at Austin.

About this Specimen

The specimen was scanned by Richard Ketcham on 22 July 2002 along the coronal axis for a total of 1054 slices. Each 1024x1024 pixel slice is 0.030 mm thick, with an interslice spacing of 0.030 mm and a field of reconstruction of 28.7 mm.

About the
Scan

Literature:

ALLEN, G. R., AND D. R. ROBERTSON. 1994. Fishes of the Tropical Eastern Pacific. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu.

BARBER, P. H., AND D. R. BELLWOOD. 2005. Biodiversity hotspots: evolutionary origins of biodiversity in wrasses (Halichoeres: Labridae) in the Indo-Pacific and new world tropics. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 35:235–253.

HUMANN, P., AND N. DELOACH. 2002. Reef Fish Identification Guide, Third Edition. New World Publications, Jacksonville, Florida.

KNOWLTON, N., L. A. WEIGT, L. A. SOLORAZANO, D. K. MILLS, AND E. BERMINGHAM. 1993. Divergence in proteins, mitochondrial DNA, and reproductive compatibility across the Isthmus of Panama. Science 260:1629–1632.

LEVITON, A. E., AND R. H. GIBBS, JR. 1988. Standards in herpetology and ichthyology. Standard symbolic codes for institutional resource collections in herpetology and ichthyology. Supplement No. 1: additions and corrections. Copeia 1988:280–282.

LEVITON, A. E., R. H. GIBBS, JR., E. HEAL, AND C. E. DAWSON. 1985. Standards in herpetology and ichthyology: part I. Standard symbolic codes for institutional resource collections in herpetology and ichthyology. Copeia 1985:802–832.

PATTENGILL, C. V., B. X. SEMMENS, AND S. R. GITTINGS. 1997. Reef fish trophic structure at the Flower Gardens and Stetson Bank, NW Gulf of Mexico. Proceedings of the Eighth International Coral Reef Symposium 1:1023–1028.

POSADA, D., AND K. A. CRANDALL. 1998. Model Test: testing the model of DNA substitution. Bioinformatics 14:817–818.

RANDALL, J. E., AND J. E. BO¨ HLKE. 1965. Review of the Atlantic labrid fishes of the genus Halichoeres. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 117:235–259.

RANDALL, J., AND P. LOBEL. 2003. Halichoeres socialis: a new labrid fish from Belize. Copeia 2003: 124–130.

ROCHA, L. A. 2004. Mitochondrial DNA and color pattern variation in three western Atlantic Halichoeres (Labridae), with the revalidation of two species. Copeia 2004:770–782.

ROCHA, L. A., AND R. S. ROSA. 2001. Halichoeres brasiliensis (Bloch, 1791), a valid wrasse species (Teleostei: Labridae) from Brazil, with notes on the Caribbean species Halichoeres radiatus (Linnaeus, 1758). Aqua 4:161–166.

TAMURA, K., AND M. NEI. 1983. Estimating the number of nucleotide substitutions in the control region of mitochondrial DNA in humans and chimpanzees. Molecular Biology and Evolution 15:512–526.

Literature
& Links

Front page image.

Halichoeres burekae
Additional
Imagery

To cite this page: Mr. Douglas Weaver, Dr. Luiz Rocha, Hawaii Institute of Marine Biology, 2007, "Halichoeres burekae" (On-line), Digital Morphology. Accessed October 31, 2014 at http://digimorph.org/specimens/Halichoeres_burekae/holotype/head/.

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